|120 Eldredge Street||120 Eldredge Street|
|Binghamton, NY 13902-2460||Binghamton, NY 13902-2460||Ithaca, NY|
5 Generation Family Commitment
BSR Safety Program
Table of Contents
Disciplinary Action for Violation of Safety Policy
Company Safety Committee
Drug & Alcohol Policy & EAP
New Hire Orientation
Accident Investigation Report
Fire Prevention and Protection
Warning Lines and Safety Monitors
Scaffolding & Ladder Jack Scaffolds
Roof Deck Safety
Hard Hat Policy
Safety Glass Policy
Clothing & Shoe Policy
Proper Work Clothing
Hearing Conservation Policy
Other Personal Protection Equipment
Weekly Toolbox Talks
Safety Set-Up Review
Job Site Safety Checklist
Crane Hand Signals and Training
Kettle Operations & Kettle PPE
Compressed Gas Cylinders & Propane Tanks
Powder Actuated Tools
Defective Equipment Tag Out (DETO)
An effective Safety and Health Program requires constant attention. Each member of the organization has a role to play in making this Program a success.
All managers and foremen are responsible and accountable for their immediate work environment (job site, warehouse, sheet metal shop, maintenance shop), as well as the actions of all employees who report to or are assigned to them. As such, they must communicate and enforce all safety and health policies and procedures within their operations.
Listed below are the major responsibilities or duties that are assigned to each level of personnel within BSR:
Executive management is accountable for the overall administration of the Safety and Health Program. Examples of executive management accountabilities are as follows:
- Holds accountability for the Safety and Health Program, as well as achieved results.
- Provides the leadership and resources to carry out the stated Safety and Health Policy.
- Assigns and delegates clear authority to others under their supervision to expedite and facilitate the application of the Safety and Health Program.
- Provides adequate budget approvals for the achievement of all approved safety and health objectives.
- Approves safety policies as formulated by the Safety Director or Committee.
- Participates in the Safety and Health Program to show commitment.
These individuals are accountable for compliance with BSRs safety and health policies, programs, implementing procedures and rules as issued by executive management upon the advice and recommendation of the Safety Director.
Additionally, these individuals are responsible for:
- Ensuring compliance with applicable federal, state and local statutes, standards and regulations. They are also responsible for compliance with owner requirements.
- Providing all of the necessary authority, safety equipment, training, orientation programs and support, as needed, for subordinate foremen/leadmen in order to carry out the goals and objective of BSRs working Safety and Health Program.
- Holding all subordinate supervisors accountable for all assigned safety and health responsibilities, including their responsibility to ensure that employees under their direction comply with all safety and health policies, procedures and rules.
- Evaluating the safety and health performance of subordinate supervisors, taking into account these indicators of good performance: low injury and illness experience; good housekeeping; a creative, cooperative involvement in safety and health activities; a positive approach to safety and health problems and solutions; and a willingness to implement recommendations of professionals.
- Making certain that all new equipment, materials and processes are analyzed for potential hazards before completion of purchase, that all potential hazards are prevented or controlled before their introduction into the work site, that tools and machinery are used as designed, and that all equipment is properly maintained.
- Ensuring that job hazard analyses are conducted periodically for all jobs, with particular emphasis on tasks known to be dangerous, so that hazards can be uncovered and prevented or controlled.
- Participating actively in and supporting employee participation in safety and health program activities. Providing timely and appropriate follow-up to recommendations made by Safety Director, subordinate supervisors, OSHA or insurance representatives.
- Making sure that any subcontractor firm is responsible for the ongoing administration of their own safety and health program, as per their contract agreement with BSR.
- Ensuring that foreman hold periodic safety and health meetings to review and analyze problems and possible solutions.
- Using the Safety Director to help promote aggressive and effective safety and health programs.
- Helping to develop and implement emergency procedures. Making sure that all employees have opportunities to practice their emergency duties.
- Assisting in the audit of their particular job sites or crews in order to determine compliance with all required safety rules, policies and procedures, and submitting findings to the Safety Director.
- Assisting in the investigation of workplace accidents and near misses, as necessary.
Each foreman is responsible for actively supporting BSRs working Safety and Health Program. While safety is everyones responsibility the foreman is the key individual in the safety program. It will be effective only if he enforces the program in a consistent and regular manner. Each foreman shall be held accountable for his safety performance in the form of a semi-annual (or annual) evaluation.
Additionally, each foreman shall also be responsible for the following:
- The safety of their employees. This includes the prompt correction of unsafe conditions, unsafe work practices, enforcement of established safety rules, regulations and procedures and high housekeeping standards
- Company foremen are also responsible and accountable to see that each employee is provided with, wears or uses any prescribed personal protective equipment that is deemed necessary for a particular job or operation, according to the Safety and Health Program or appropriate safety regulations.
- Cooperates with executive management, the Safety Director, project managers and superintendents, as necessary, to meet the goals of the Safety and Health Program.
- Ensures that all employees are informed of BSRs Safety and Health Program and that a copy of the written safety rules is issued to them prior to beginning work on any project, job site or work location.
- Enforces all safety rules and regulations on a fair and equitable basis.
- Instructs each employee on the hazards of their job and how to avoid and/or control them.
- Assures that the preventive maintenance program is being followed and that any repair and replacement needs found during those activities are tracked to completion.
- Sets a good example by following safety and health rules and safe work practices.
- Requires all vendors, customers, sub-contractors and visitors to comply with BSRs Safety and Health Policy.
- Ensures that all employees are physically qualified to perform their work.
- Conducts regular safety inspections of their area of responsibility and submits a written report to appropriate management upon completion. Determines what corrective action is needed when safety discrepancies are found and establishes a time frame in which they can be corrected.
- Participates in scheduled facility or job site inspections as conducted by the Safety Director, project manager, superintendent or outside specialist.
- Conducts and/or participates in job site safety meetings.
- Assures that all tools and equipment are safe and in good working order.
- Makes sure that employees know about and are encouraged to use systems for reporting hazards and making safety and health suggestions, that they are protected from harassment, that their input is genuinely considered, and that their ideas are adopted when helpful and feasible.
- Investigates all accidents and incidents on a timely basis. Determines the source of the accident and corrects any unsafe practices and conditions that might cause recurrence.
- Completes a Supervisors Accident Report form promptly and is prepared to discuss it with company management, the project manager/superintendent or the Safety Director, as necessary.
- Obtains prompt first aid to injured employees, as necessary, and maintains the job site medical kit, as required by OSHA regulations.
The Safety Director shall be accountable for developing, implementing and coordinating Company safety and health policies, programs, implementing procedures, training, directives and management reports designed to achieve BSRs stated goals. The Safety Director shall also determine the use of specific forms, reports, accident facts and any other actions deemed necessary to accomplish the goals of the Safety and Health Program.
Additionally, the Safety Director shall also be responsible for:
- Serving in a staff, coordinating capacity. Acting as a safety and health resource to divisions, departments and employees of BSR.
- Making changes, additions and deletions to BSRs Safety and Health Program of the accompanying procedures that may be made to better meet the safety needs and exposures of a particular job site or operation. Such changes, additions and deletions will be approved by the executive management and implemented through BSRs project managers and superintendents.
- Establishing training/education programs (when appropriate or as required by law) that improve the ability of all supervisors and employees to recognize and understand hazards and to protect themselves and others.
- Keeping in touch with employees and BSRs safety and health activities, assisting in giving direction and authority for those activities, and visibly demonstrating involvement.
- Interfacing with the employers regarding regulations, interpretations, enforcement, and during compliance audits.
- Providing technical assistance and support to all employees in their safety and health activities.
- Assuring that appropriate safety and health work practices are developed, communicated and understood.
- Assisting in or overseeing the development of a system for consistent and fair enforcement of the safe work practices.
- Assisting management in providing adequate equipment for personal protection, industrial hygiene, safety and fire prevention.
- Inspecting facilities and job sites to detect hazards that may have escaped established prevention and control mechanisms and uncovering any previously undetected hazards.
- Investigating or overseeing investigation of employee reports of hazards. Responding to employee safety and health suggestions.
- Assisting in scheduled safety inspections and attending safety meetings when appropriate.
- Assisting in the investigation of accidents and near misses with serious injury potential as considered necessary by executive management, project managers or superintendents.
- Acting as the eyes, ears and conscience of top management where employee safety and health are concerned.
- Issuing regular reports showing safety performance as well as accident trends.
- Periodic safety inspections, above and beyond those given by foreman.
The final responsibility for safety and health rests with each individual employee. Each employee shall be responsible for compliance with BSRs safety and health policies, programs, procedures and work practices as issued by the Safety Director upon the advice and recommendation of Company executive management and implemented through project managers, superintendents and foremen.
Safe practices on the part of employees must be part of all operations. Workers shall follow safety precautions and rules to protect themselves and their fellow workers. Employees shall be held accountable for their safety by obeying those rules that have been designed for their protection. This includes those safety rules and regulations which are outlined in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and other applicable federal, state and local statutes, standards and regulations. Employees shall also be responsible and held accountable for obeying the following safe working practices.
- Not starting any work under conditions believed to be unsafe and calling these conditions immediately to the attention of the foreman or superintendent in their area.
- Requesting and using personal protective equipment provided for specific tasks as needed. Employees shall also be responsible for the care of their equipment and shall report malfunctions and defects promptly to their supervisor.
- Reporting all injuries, near misses, and accidents to their immediate supervisor on the day of occurrence, even if they seem to be minor.
- Reviewing the safety and health educational materials posted on bulletin boards and distributed to work areas. Asking for clarification of any unclear items.
- Refraining from taking shortcuts in work practices or from violating established safety/health rules while working.
- Attending all safety meetings, making recommendations and taking an active part in the discussions.
- Being expected to read and take part in any of BSRs safety policies, programs or guidelines as implemented.
- Carrying out their duties with such skill, foresight, regularity and promptness, thoroughness and care as to eliminate, as far as practicable, accidents and injuries among employees or to the public and to avoid interruptions and impairment or services and damage to apparatus or property.
- Being expected to perform their jobs in the safest manner prescribed.
Compliance with the following safety rules and guidelines are required of all employees as a condition of continued employment with BSR. These rules are minimum requirements and are only intended to cover normal conditions. Employees shall use good judgment in dealing with conditions not covered in these rules and, if there are any doubts, consult their Supervisor.
1. Employees shall use care in the performance of their duties and act in a manner that will assure maximum safety to themselves, fellow employees, other contractors and the public.
2. Report all injuries and illnesses, no matter how slight, to their Supervisor. This will prevent todays minor injury from becoming tomorrows major injury. Obtain first aid for minor injuries. If the injury is more severe, treatment from a physician may be necessary.
3. On-the-job illness, excessive fatigue and any other impairment shall be reported to the Supervisor so that possible accident situations can be avoided.
4. Work areas, vehicles and the inside and outside access ways of buildings shall be kept clean and clear of debris and obstructions.
5. If employees see something unsafe, they should report this to their Supervisor and, if they can safely do so, correct it. Do not wait for an accident to happen and then be told to correct the problem.
6. Employees should keep their work area clean and orderly. They should take pride in their work.
7. Use the right tool for the right job. Keep tools in good, clean condition. If replacement parts are needed, employees shall ask their Supervisor for the necessary parts. Tag defective tools/equipment and send back to office for repair.
8. Use, adjust and repair only tools and equipment for which they have been trained and authorized to use.
9. Employees shall follow any and all Company written and oral instructions to safely perform their jobs.
10. Employees shall give special instructions and assistance to new employees who are not familiar with the work.
11. Loose or ragged clothing shall not be worn while working around machinery, moving parts or belts.
12. Rings and/or other jewelry should also be removed while working with or near machinery.
13. Observe and obey all posted No Smoking areas, offices and buildings.
14. Learn the location of emergency phone numbers, first aid kits, fire extinguishers, emergency equipment, fire alarms and emergency evacuation routes.
15. Use good manners and common sense.
16. Avoid distracting others.
17. Use the sanitation facilities, keep them clean and do not abuse them.
18. Learn to lift correctly – with the legs, not back. If the load is too heavy, GET HELP. (Listen to your body especially your back. Stop before you damage your back.
19. Running on the job is prohibited, except in obvious extreme emergencies: Watch your step – falls can kill. Be especially careful near roof edges, skylights, and when working on steep roofs. Wear a safety harness and lifeline, when required.
Employee shall observe and obey all caution and danger signs, barricades, and safety permit tags that are placed on the jobsite or in the shop.
21. Good housekeeping is always necessary in order to prevent accidents.
22. Employee shall not use compressed air, or other compressed gases especially oxygen, for dusting or cleaning off their body or clothes.
23. Gasoline, kerosene or diesel shall not be used for cleaning purposes. Contact the Supervisor for an approved, safe solvent.
24. Participate and get involved in BSR and industry sponsored safety and health program.
25. Attend all scheduled tool box and tail gate safety meetings, as required.
26. Unauthorized tampering with any machinery or equipment is not allowed.
27. Carrying firearms, explosive or unlawful weapons on Company property or in Company vehicles is prohibited and grounds for dismissal.
28. Sabotage, theft or willful destruction of Company property is grounds for immediate dismissal and or prosecution.
29. Horseplay or practical jokes shall not be permitted in Company vehicles on the jobsite, or on Company property before, during or after work hours. Fighting on the job is grounds of dismissal.
30. The use, abuse transportation, concealment, sale or dispensation of illegal, unauthorized drugs (including detectable amounts in employees systems while working) or alcoholic beverages on Company property, jobsites or work areas shall be grounds for dismissal. Its illegal to have alcohol on school grounds in N.Y. State. Smoking is also illegal at all or most school grounds!
31. Reporting for work while under the influence of alcoholic beverages or illegal drugs shall be grounds for dismissal.
32. Insubordination by the refusal to perform work safely assigned or comply with written or verbal instructions from the Supervisor that the employee may be reasonably expected to perform will not be permitted.
33. All workers are required to follow specific safety rules and regulations which are prescribed for employee safety in the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and other applicable federal, state and local statutes, standards and regulations. Employees shall also be responsible for any specific subsidiary, construction owner, project, office or department safety rules that have been distributed to them in writing by their Supervisor as a condition of employment or continued employment.
34. Protect you hands – wear gloves when necessary, avoid pinch points, sharp edges, hot materials, etc.
35. Use a safety harness for any operation where there is exposure to fall of six (6) feet or more, and there is no protection by any other means.
36. No employee shall be permitted to ride manually propelled scaffolding.
37. All scaffolding must be provided with appropriate decking. Toe boards, midrails and handrails are required on all scaffolds over 10 feet in height.
38. Gasoline shall be stored and transported in labeled, self-closing safety cans fitted with spark arrest screens in the spout. Engines must be shut off when refueling. No smoking around flammable liquids.
39. Tools shall only be used for the purposes for which they are designed.
40. All ladders shall be inspected by the employee prior to use. No defective ladders shall be used. Straight ladders shall be placed on secure footing at a 4 to 1 pitch, with at least 3 feet extending above the work surface but no more than 4 feet. The ladder shall also be secured off at the top. Folding ladders shall be used only in the open and locked position and the last step prior to the top shall never be used. Only non-conductive ladders should be used when working on or near electrical equipment.
41. Unless double insulated, all electric power tools and equipment shall be grounded and connected to grounded power cords and receptacles. Power extension cords shall be protected from crushing, cuts and other damage. Ground fault circuit interrupter protection shall be used at all times.
42. Employees shall not operate any machine unless they are trained and authorized to use the equipment. All guards and safety devices must be in place and in operating condition.
43. All compressed gas cylinders shall be chained in an upright position to the wall or another stationary object. To be properly stored the oxygen and acetylene must be separated by 20 or a firewall between the cylinders extending 5 feet and bearing a fire-resistance rating of at least one-half hour.
44. Only trained/authorized persons shall conduct welding/cutting operations. Precautions shall be taken to protect personnel and equipment nearby from burns, flying sparks and hot metal.
45. Riding on loads, fenders, running boards, sideboards and gates with legs dangling over the sides of trucks will not be tolerated.
46. Do not enter an area that has been roped off or barricaded.
47. Wear seat belt while using all company vehicles or conducting company business. Fill out necessary paperwork when transporting hazardous materials – i.e. propane, etc.
Disciplinary Action for Violation of Safety Policy
We have spent considerable time and money on generating this safety program. We have no toleration for employees who do not comply with the program.
The rules apply to all BSR employees. The following is the disciplinary action that will be taken if items on this safety program are not followed.
FIRST VIOLATION – Written Warning
SECOND VIOLATION – One Day Off Without Pay
THIRD VIOLATION – One Week Off Without Pay
FOURTH VIOLATION – Termination Without Re-Employment
When the first violation is acquired, the employee cannot exceed three more violations in a years time from that date. After a year has expired for that violation, it will be erased.
In the act of severe violations the employer has the option to terminate the employee on the spot. The Safety Director and/or CEO will determine severe violations.
Not complying with any of the following safe work practices, but not limited to these will result in disciplinary action.
- Wearing a hard hat.
- Wearing safety glasses with side shields.
- Wearing a face shield while working at the kettle.
- Wearing full-length trousers and a long sleeved shirt when a member of a hot crew and wearing gloves while working with hot.
- Wearing work shoes except when soft shoes are mandated by supervision.
- Working beyond warning lines or within 6-feet of an unprotected roof edge only when under control of a safety monitor or when using a fall arrest system.
- Using a chute when dumping materials a distance greater than 20 feet.
- Using a ladder that is tied off or erected properly.
- Using a stepladder only in its opened and locked position. Do not stand on the top two steps
- Using power tools with all the guards in place and GFCI protected.
- Operating powered mechanical equipment only inside of warning lines, when a warning line system is in place.
- Staying out from under overhead loads.
- Wearing appropriate face and eye protection when welding or torch cutting
- Wearing a face shield while operating a bench grinder, portable grinder, abrasive cutoff tool or kettle.
- No smoking when working with flammable materials.
Company Safety Committee
It is the intent of Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. to have a Company Safety Committee that is effective setting, making and changing policies at BSR. The Safety Committee is also empowered to be educational liaisons to the rest of BSR.
The intent of The Safety Committee should consist of but not be limited to:
- Assessment of Company Safety problems focusing on resolution.
- Modification to Company Safety programs and policies.
- Assist with informing fellow employees of safety awareness.
- Meet on a regular schedule.
- Review all accident reports and determine preventability.
- Conduct safety inspections (Discuss/Review).
- Review employee safety suggestions.
- Recommend and assist in establishing additional general safety rules as the need is identified.
- Develop and monitor a safety improvement plan with respect to company activities.
- Prepare a written Safety Committee Report of the topics discussed, agreement made, accidents reviewed, self-inspection results, and anticipated future committee activities.
The only postings required by The Trust are Emergency Phone Numbers that list a minimum of the following:
- Local Utility Company
- Exact Location of Work Area
It is also a requirement that each jobsite be no more than (1) minute away from a communication system. I.E.: phone, cellular phone, two-way radio etc.
Note: There are additional postings required by law. Check your Federal, State, & Local authorities for requirements.
General Note: Typically 911 is the phone number for the police, fire, hospital and ambulance.
Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. will provide physicals for all new hires to assure there is no physical limitation that could affect safety.
Drug & Alcohol Policy & EAP
The use of intoxicants of any type during working hours is strictly prohibited.
New Hire Orientation
As a new employee of Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. your are required to have training on the following topics before you take your first step up the ladder.
The employee shall receive a new hire orientation on the following categories:
- Personal Protective Equipment
- Fall Protection
- Ladder Training
- Safety Rules
- Hazard Communication
- First Project Specifics
- Reporting All Accidents & Injuries
- Training Video (Dancing Alone)
- Employee Responsibilities
- Copy of Company Safety Program – Sign Off!!
All new employees must pass a drug test prior to being hired. Random drug testing will also be conducted for cause. Failure of this test is grounds for immediate termination.
- Immediately inform your direct supervisor of the accident no matter how insignificant.
- Seek first aid treatment on even minor injuries to eliminate the possibility of infection or other complications.
The following is a sample of a complete accident investigation / report. A report like this should be filled out each time that there is an accident that a first aid kit cannot handle. (SAMPLE)
Accident Investigation Report
Name of Injured Employee: Kevin Smith
234 South Main Street
Anytown, NY 14444
Employer: Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc.
110-124 Eldredge Street
Binghamton, NY 13902
Accident Location: Dupont, Towanda, Pa.
Date of Accident: Friday, May 10, 1996.
Time of Accident: +/- 1:00 PM
Type of Accident: Laceration to right forearm
Date of Investigation: Tuesday, May 14, 1996
Time of Investigation: +/- 1:00 PM
Photographs Taken?: Yes
Investigation Performed by: Ken Robbins, Safety Director
Table of Contents
- Description of Events
Description Of Events
On Tuesday, May 14, 1996, I was notified that a no-lost time accident had occurred on Friday, May 10, 1996, involving a Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc., Roofer, Kevin Smith, employed at The Dupont project in Towanda, Pa. On Tuesday, May 14, 1996, I conducted an interview and accident investigation at the above referenced jobsite. The following is a description of events that occurred as explained to me by the injured employee, Kevin Smith.
On Friday, May 10, 1996 at approximately 1:00 PM, Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc., Kevin Smith and Clark Gee were in the process of moving +/- 4 wide x 8 long sheets of galvanized sheet metal from the building exterior storage area to the roof to be installed.
The workers physically carried the material, two sheets at a time. The following personal protective equipment was being used:
- Hard Hats
- Eye Protection
- Steel Toed Work Boots
- Leather Palm Gloves
Once inside the building they attempted to set the material on the floor. When doing so Mr. Smith shifted his right arm to help stabilize the load and sliced the underside of his right forearm on the sharp edge of the metal sheeting. Dupont rescue team was notified and responded. Mr. Smith was transported to Towanda General Hospital by the Dupont rescue team where he received +/- six stitches and a tetanus shot. There were no other employees injured. Mr. Smith returned to work within an hours time, and to date reports no complications due to this injury.
- Wear appropriate clothing, (i.e.) long sleeved shirt, when working with sharp materials.
- Wear additional personal protective equipment (i.e.) arm gauntlets.
- When possible use mechanical equipment to move materials. This particular project has exterior as well as interior forklift capabilities. A forklift could have been used during this particular task.
Kevin Smith – Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. (Roofer)
Q. I understand your cut your arm. Can you explain what happened?
A. I was carrying two +/- 4 x 8 sheets of sheet metal with another person. When we went to set them down I brought my bottom arm up to grab the top of the sheets and by doing so I ran my arm across the sharp edge of the sheet cutting it.
Q. You are talking about galvanized sheet material?
Q. Which arm did you cut, and what location on your arm?
A. My right arm, on my forearm, the underside.
Q. Did you go to the hospital?
A. Yes, Towanda Memorial Hospital.
Q. What treatment did you receive?
A. I think six stitches and a tetanus shot.
Q. Who was working with you or helping you carry the sheet metal?
A. Clark Gee, a Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. roofer.
Q. Where was the sheet metal located?
A. Outside, we were carrying it inside to install on the ceiling.
Q. What personal protective equipment were you wearing?
A. Hard hat, safety glasses and gloves.
Q. Did you have or wear any forearm protection (i.e.) gauntlets?
A. No, they were available but I did not wear them.
Q. Did you return to work after your hospital visit?
Q. Do you have to go back to the doctor for any follow up treatment?
A. No, I have to go back to the hospital on Friday, 5-17-96 to have the stitches removed.
Q. Does the injury cause you any problem now ?
A. No. When I came back the day of the accident, I would feel it when I would shovel or sweep up. But now it feels fine.
Q. Did you apply First-Aid immediately?
A. Yes. There is a bruise on my arm where I was applying pressure to slow the bleeding.
Q. Was there much blood at the scene?
A. Not really, but the blood that was there was cleaned up by Dupont Employees within 15 to 20 minutes.
Q How were you transported to the hospital?
A Duponts own rescue unit.
Q. Dupont has its own rescue unit?
Q. How long were you at the Hospital?
A. I think I was back to work in about one hour.
Hazardous Material Labeling
All manufacturers of hazardous materials are required to label their products regarding health hazards, flammability and reactivity. This is an example of a labeling system. These labels are in the form of numbers from 0 to 4, 0 being a minimal hazard and 4 being a severe hazard. The label will also contain information about what personal protection equipment is required. This will be in the form of a letter code and an index explaining what the letter code requires. For example, Acetone is rated Health 2 or moderate hazard. The most important thing is labeling.
Flammability 3 or serious hazard, reactivity 0 or minimal hazard and Personal Protection H meaning the user should wear goggles, rubber gloves, protective clothing and vapor type respirator. See the Safety Director for questions or more information.
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Material safety data sheets are available from the Safety Director or Warehouse Superintendent for all hazardous materials used at this company.
An inventory listing must include all hazardous materials on site,
Employers shall provide employees with effective information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area.
General Notes Regarding Hazard Communication:
It is company policy to train employees in the safe and proper handling of all hazardous materials. This training shall be accomplished by initial indoctrination training for all new employees and annual recurrence training for all current employees. This training shall include: an inventory of all hazardous materials used, the physical and health hazards associated with these materials, the availability and use of personal protective equipment, the required labeling of hazardous materials and the content and availability of material safety data sheets.
Management has every desire to provide a safe and healthful working environment. To accomplish this, management feels there is nothing more important than making certain that:
- All reasonable safeguards are provided to ensure safe and healthful working conditions.
- Neat, safe and healthful working conditions are provided.
- All equipment, tools and machines are maintained in good repair.
- We study and develop safe and healthful work methods and habits, and train employees in these methods.
- We comply with all federal, state and local laws regarding hazard recognition, accident prevention and working conditions.
First Aid Kits are required at all jobsites. They must be maintained and easily accessible.
1. BSR shall be responsible to provide and maintain adequate equipment for treating first aid cases on the job site. In general, a first aid kit should be kept fully supplied with bandages, antiseptics, etc.
- Whenever possible, we will arrange to have employees take first aid and CPR training.
- Non-emergency cases will be referred to the employers private physician.
- First aid kits shall be kept in the truck.
- Minor injuries, such as a small cut, will be reported to foreman, who will write information into first aid log.
If the nature of the injury requires an ambulance, the following procedure will be followed:
A. The foreman will request an ambulance be sent to the job site.
B. The foreman will immediately notify BSR of the accident.
- Emergency telephone number list MUST be included in safety program and posted at jobsite. Every workman on the job must know where this list is.
- First Aid Kits shall be kept on the roof to encourage employees to seek immediate first aid to minor injuries. This may reduce complications or infections.
Eye wash stations required at all jobsite, if the materials are corrosive, poisonous, or airborne eye irritants.
Fire Prevention and Protection
BSR believes that Fire Prevention and Protection are key elements to a successful Safety Program. Below are the areas that outline our program.
- All flammable materials must be stored together and designated as a No Smoking Area.
- The employer shall maintain fire extinguishers and provide the right fire extinguisher for the job.
- No smoking is allowed if an employee is using a flammable chemical.
- Fire extinguishers shall be protected from freezing.
- One or more fire extinguishers, rated not less than 2A, shall be provided on each active roof level. Maximum travel distance shall be 100.
- All employees shall be trained in the usage of a fire extinguisher. Also, which fire extinguisher can be used on which type of fire.(i.e. do not use water or CO2 to extinguish a kettle fire, etc.)
- Minimum one-hour fire watch after torch or open flame work.
In this business you never know whats going to happen next. Its very important that all employees know the fire evacuation routes and know what to do to help contain a fire or hazard. Other hazards that you may run into are severe weather, roof or building failure or a bomb threat. Listed below are the rules you shall follow:
- All employees assigned to the job site will be made aware of the location of each fire extinguisher.
- All employees will be trained in the proper operation and use of all fire extinguishers.
All employees will be advised to take the following steps in the event of a fire/hazard:
a. The person discovering the fire will notify the workers in the immediate area. A worker will take the nearest fire extinguisher and proceed towards the fire, if this procedure can be accomplished safely.
b. If the fire cannot be immediately brought under control using the extinguisher, then the word FIRE will be called in a loud voice and the person closest to a telephone will call the building manager, 911 and advise him/her of the nature of the emergency.
c. Proceed to identified assembly area and start the emergency evacuation plan.
d. The workers on the highest floors will call in a loud voice the word FIRE at each stairwell on each floor while exiting the building.
e. At no time will a worker place himself/herself in a position where they would probably be injured by the fire.
f. All workers will immediately leave the area carrying with them any flammable or explosive materials, if this can be accomplished safely.
g. The safety of every worker at the site must remain the primary goal and no persons shall jeopardize their safety attempting to control a fire.
h. The foreman will, if the fire department is called, advise the Fire Chief of his representative of any accelerators, explosives, or other substances that could pose a threat to the fire fighters. (Give firemen MSDSS)
i. The foreman shall coordinate a roll call of the persons connected with the job site to ensure that all are accounted for and safe.
j. The foreman shall cooperate fully with the Fire Chief or other officials investigating the circumstances of the fire.
NOTE: In the event that the foreman is injured or unable to perform the above tasks, the senior journeyman or assistant foreman will take over the responsibilities
Good housekeeping is the first rule of accident prevention at Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. and should be a primary concern of everyone. Good housekeeping should be planned at the beginning of the job, carefully supervised and followed to the final clean up. Listed below are our minimum requirements of housekeeping.
- Provide adequate and proper storage place for tools so they will not be needlessly scattered around. (Gang Boxes)
- See that material (in storage area, in transit or at the working area) is piled or stacked properly so it cannot fall.
- Materials shall be covered and tied.
- See that working area is well lighted.
- Provide safe and sufficient containers for rubbish and waste and place them so they can be easily used.
- Prevent unnecessary accumulation of roofing debris dirt, refuse paper, obsolete equipment.
- Provide safe storage of oxygen and acetylene tanks; never allow tanks to be stored in poor housekeeping areas. They must be stored upright, capped and chained to a secure object. (refer to Safety Rules #43)
- All lumber and other materials/items with projecting nails should be removed to designated areas; lumber to be re-used should have all projecting nails removed and the lumber properly stacked or piled. Scrap lumber, debris and other scrap materials should be removed to a designated disposal area.
- Drinking water will be from an approved source and toilet facilities will be provided and kept in a sanitary condition.
- Tools, materials, and equipment should be put away after use and must not be stored within 6 of the edge of the roof.
- Block the wheels on rolling equipment when appropriate, (i.e.: carts, cutters, scaffolding, etc.)
One of the largest hazards to employees of Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. is falls from an elevation. Fortunately with proper training and progressive equipment we can protect ourselves better than even before. Below are some guidelines to be followed for fall protection.
1. Fall protection is required whenever employees are working on a surface that has an unprotected side or edge that is six feet or more above a lower level. An unprotected edge is one that has a parapet wall that is less than 39 inches in height. The slope of the roof dictates which fall protection system or systems may be used.
- Low Slope Roofs (slope is less than or equal to 4 in 12)
- On low slope roofs, employees shall be protected from falling by guardrail systems, personal fall arrest systems or a combination of warning line system and guardrail system, or warning line system and personal fall arrest system, or warning line system and safety monitoring system. On roofs 50 feet or less in width, the use of a safety monitoring system alone is permitted.
- Steep Roofs (slope is greater 4 in 12)
- On steep roofs employees shall be protected from falling by guardrailsystems with toe boards, or personal fall arrest system.
2. Guardrail Systems
- Top edge of top rail shall be 42 inches plus or minus 3 inches above the working level.
- Midrails are required if there is no wall or parapet wall at least 21 inches higher. When used, midrails shall be installed at a height midway between the top edge of the guardrail and the working level.
- Guardrail posts shall be a least 2 inch by 4 inch lumber spaced not more than 8 feet apart on center.
- The top rail shall be a least 2 inch by 4 inch lumber. The intermediate rail shall be at least 1 inch by 6 inch lumber.
- Toe boards shall be a minimum of 4 minimum in vertical heights.
- When guardrails systems are used at hoisting areas, a chain, gate, or removable guardrail section shall be placed across the access opening between guardrail sections when hoisting operations are not taking place.
- When guardrail systems are used at holes or skylights, they shall be erected on all unprotected sides or edges of the hole.
- When guardrail systems are used around holes used for ladder access, they shall be provided with a gate, or be so offset that a person cannot walk directly into the hole.
3. Catch Platforms
Scaffolds must have platforms that extend 2 feet wide or better beyond the edge with no gap.
4. Personal Fall Arrest System
- Only full body harnesses with either shock absorbing lanyards, or lifelines or a combination thereof shall be used when required. All snap hooks shall be of the double snap locking variety.
- Personal fall arrest systems shall be rigged such that an employee can neither free fall more than six feet, nor contact any lower level or object!
- Self-retracting lifelines shall automatically limit free fall distance to two feet or less.
- Covers for holes in floors, roofs, and other surfaces shall be capable of supporting, without failure at least twice the weight of employees, equipment and materials that may be imposed on the cover at any one time.
- Covers shall be secured when installed so as to prevent accidental displacement by the wind, equipment or employees.
- All covers shall be marked with the word HOLE or COVER.
Warning Lines and Safety Monitors
1. When starting a job, check the roof and set up protective barriers around roof openings and the immediate work area. This should always be the first operation after exiting a ladder and tying off.
2. When mechanical equipment is being used, the warning line should be no less than six feet from the roof edge, parallel to the equipment, and ten feet from the edge when equipment is perpendicular.
3. There shall be a competent worker to warn the employee when he nears the edge of the roof or opening.
4.The warning line shall be thirty-four to thirty-nine inches high from the roofs surface.
5. The warning line should be flagged at six-foot intervals, with highly visible materials.
6. The stanchions should be able to resist a force of sixteen pounds applied horizontally thirty inches above the surface.
7. A minimum four-foot wide guardrail must be placed on each side of the outlet where materials are being pumped or hoisted to the roof. Chain or rope shall be tied between rails when not in use. (i.e. – kettle handfall, smith hoist, etc.)
8. A Safety Monitor system may be used if the roof area is less than 50 wide. If there is mechanical equipment being used on the roof you have to use a warning line system or use another fall protection system.
9. All employees working outside the warning line and within six feet of the roof edge must wear a full safety harness with the D ring located in the rear. A six-foot shock-absorbing lanyard with roll out protection also must be used. This lanyard is to be located between the lifeline and the harness. In cases approved by the Safety Director, work outside the warning line may be performed with a Safety Monitoring System.
10. A competent person monitors the safety of all employees on a roofing or sheet metal crew and warns them when it appears to the monitor that they are unaware of a hazard or are acting in an unsafe manner. The competent person must be on the same roof as and within visual sighting distance of the employees, and must be close enough to verbally communicate with the employees. No mechanical equipment shall be used with this system.
11. A Safety Monitor shall not have other responsibilities that could interfere with his monitoring duties. His/her main function is to warn other employees when it appears that the employee is unaware of a fall hazard or is acting in an unsafe manner.
12. All employees must comply promptly to warnings of hazards by the safety monitor.
13. No employees, other than those engaged in roofing work in that area, will be allowed in that area being protected by a safety monitoring system.
Scaffolding & Ladder Jack Scaffolds.
Scaffold erection should only be done by competent persons. The rules listed below are only a guide to scaffold erection. There is no better rule than knowledge and experience.
- Footing must be sound, rigid and capable of carrying its rated maximum load (solid surface, planks, sill plates).
- All scaffolding of a height 4 to 10 require guardrails if the work platform is less than 45 wide.
- Scaffolding 10 or higher require guardrails on any width of platform.
- Scaffolding must be plumb.
- Scaffolding must not be higher than four times the width, exceeding this height requires the scaffolding to be secured to the building at intervals not to exceed 30 horizontally and 26 vertically.
- Access ladder required.
- Scaffold planks must extend greater than 6 and less than 12 over end supports.
- All planking of platforms must be overlapped (min.6 and no more than 12) or secured from movement.
Guardrails: Top rail: 42
Toe board: 4 (minimum)
Ladder Jack Scaffolds:
- Limited to light duty only.
- Must not exceed 20 above the floor or ground.
- Ladder jacks height of 4 or higher from ground or floor require lifelines or guardrails.
- #18 gauge wire mesh or equal must be attached between toe boards and top rail if people are working or passing under the scaffold.
- No more than 2 employees on any 8 of scaffolding.
- Wood planks min. 2 x 18.
- Aluminum picks min. 18 wide.
- Ladders must be secured.
- Picks/planks must overlap bearing surface 12 or better.
- Span between wood plank supports – 8 or less.
- Span between aluminum pick supports – see manufacturers label.
Ladder jack scaffolds may be used for catch platforms but require; guardrails, midrails, toe boards, a minimum of 2 wide or better from eave with no gaps and ladders securely tied off.
Roof Deck Safety
Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. is always concerned about roof deck failure and or working on new roof deck that we are not familiar with.
- On new roofs, be sure the deck is secured and not just laid in place. On reroofing, check for deteriorated decking before loading the deck with men and materials.
- Openings must be covered or surrounded by guardrails. The cover must be able to hold the man and his equipment. It must be secured fast, so that traffic cant accidentally move the cover. The cover must be clearly marked.
- Only remove covers with the foremans permission. Immediately recover the holes after work is done.
- Frost, snow and rain can make a deck or bare roof surface very slippery – WATCH YOUR STEP!
- Materials shall be evenly dispersed to avoid overloading.
Hard Hat Policy
There are several situations where hard hats must be worn.
1. HARD HATS – Hard hats shall be worn at all times on the jobsite when:
- Working at ground level (loading and unloading vehicles and equipment, clean up, etc.) and during access to the roof.
- Working on the roof with other workers or objects above the roof level being worked on, or in low headroom areas.
- Working on the roof near the loading/unloading area when lifting equipment will be above head level. (Example: crane, boom gravel hopper, etc.)
2. In cases where there is no activity above the roof area, hard hats may be removed but placed next to the ladder/stairs (access) area.
3. Hard hats must be worn when working around electrical wires.
4. Hard hats must be brought to work everyday.
Safety Glass Policy
It is Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc., policy that safety glasses be worn when performing certain operations. Listed below are the situations when safety glasses must be worn.
- Whenever removing roofing materials or using hot asphalt.
- When using any tool with a power cord or combustion engine.
- When pouring/mixing solvents, adhesives, etc.
- At all times in the metal shop.
- When working under equipment or a work area that may allow objects to fall into the eyes.
- A full face shield must be worn when filling a kettle or lugger cart.
- Safety glasses must be equipped with full side shields complying with ANSI Z87.1 to provide protection against hazards from the side, above or below the eye.
- Pitted or scratched lenses reduce vision and seriously reduce impact protections. They must be replaced immediately.
Clothing & Shoe Policy
Employees must wear the proper clothing and shoes necessary for the job at hand.
Proper Work Clothing
1. Proper work clothing plays an important part in a safety program. Much research has gone into the development of clothing that provides not only protection but reasonable comfort as well. Employees should wear clothes that are reasonably snug, particularly about the neck, wrists and ankles. There should be no loose flaps or strings. Long sleeve shirts must be worn, when using hot and removing roofing.
2. Safety shoes are recommended for use by all construction workers–they are no more expensive than a pair of good work shoes. Shoes must be kept in good repair. Slipping accidents are most likely to occur when shoes heels are worn; nails and other sharp objects will easily penetrate a sole that has been worn thin. Workers should not be allowed to wear slip-on sandals, sneakers or shoes that have been split or have had holes cut in them. All employees should obtain and wear proper work clothing and safety shoes for their own well-being and safety.
3. Work boots are to be worn at all times, there are exception to certain situations. The foreman on the job will make these decisions.
- Jewelry NOT TO BE WORN.
- Tank tops not to be worn, shirts should cover shoulders with a sleeve length of 6.
Hearing Conservation Policy
Roofing contractors come into contact with equipment that may be above the acceptable decibel level. Here are some examples with related decibel levels:
|Sound Level (Db)||Source of Noise|
|115 – 140||Powder Actuated Tools|
|110 – 118||Hammer Drill In Concrete|
|108||2 H.P. Skilsaw|
|95 – 105||Roof Cutter|
|89 – 90||Air Compression|
|65 – 105||Misc. Equipment Saws, Welders, Drills, Screw Guns|
When BSR employees are exposed to decibel levels of 90 or greater, they are required to use ear protection. This is based on TWA (Time Weighted Average), when your noise exposures are equal or greater than 90 decibels for an 8-hour period you should use ear protection. (See table on next page.)
Ear protection comes in many forms. When the decibel levels rise your ear protection must as well. The NRR (Noise Reduction Rate) comes with all ear protection: Here are some generic NRR for specific ear protection:
*If ringing in ears, hearing protection required!
Key Point: This is only an average and you should check the manufacturers NRR on the packaging of your ear protection.
|Duration per day, hours||Sound level dBA slow response|
|1/4 or less…………………….||115|
Other Personal Protection Equipment
Personal Protection Equipment is something we at Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. deal with everyday. Below are some key points and some dos and donts, when it comes to using Personal Protection Equipment.
1. Employees will be responsible for the careful use of such equipment issued to them and return there or when use is completed. The following Personal Protective Equipment will be issued to those employees who are exposed to hazards:
- Face Shields – To be worn where full-face protection is required in exposures similar to those listed under The Safety Glass Policy. Welders must wear welding helmets. (i.e. kettle & lugger)
- Gloves – To be used when exposed to sustained heat and sparks, acids, adhesives, corrosives, solvents, and any electrical exposure.
- Respirators – To be used under conditions of severe dust, fumes, gases, and where required by OSHA. (refer to Respirator Program.)
- Safety Belts and Lanyards – To be worn when working on steep roofs and other similar conditions. (Refer to Fall Protection)
- The Operation of Filling a Asphalt Kettle – This operation requires a full face shield, hard hat, protective gloves, cotton shirt with long sleeves, long pants, and steel toe safety shoes.
- Shirts will be worn at all times to prevent sunburn/pitchburn, scrapes, hot asphalt burns and injury from solvent splashes.
- Shorts are not to be worn.
- The kettle man will always wear face shield when feeding kettle.
- Rubber gloves will always be worn when working with solvents.
- Work gloves will always be worn during roofing removal and hot work.
Weekly Toolbox Talks
Binghamton Slag Roofing Company, Inc. requires that all field employees attend Toolbox Talks. Listed below are things that should be discussed at each safety meeting.
- The topic of discussion.
- Specific hazards that will be encountered.
- Open questions concerning safety, handling of materials, and equipment safety.
- At the end of the meeting any questions that the employees have.
- Attendance shall be taken of all persons present.
Safety Set-Up Review
This is a pre-work setup guide:
Its very important to review your safety set-up. This will ensure that your employees are as safe as possible. Listed below are the minimum requirements:
1. Base of ladder set on solid, level surface.
2. Ladder angle is 1 away from building per 4 high.
3. Top of ladder 36 above roof edge or top of wall.
4. Tie-off ladder to solid support.
5. Stairs or ladder is required for roof level change of 19 or more.
6. Warning lines required if roof edge is 6 or higher above surface below.
7. Monitor can replace warning lines if roof is less than 50 wide.
8. Warning lines must be between 34 and 39 above roof.
9. Warning lines must be 6 feet from roof edge.
10. Warning lines must be 10 from roof edge perpendicular to travel path of power equipment.
11. No materials, tools, or equipment stored outside warning lines (within 6 of roof edge).
12. Warning lines are not needed when parapet wall is over 39 above roof level.
13. Warning lines stanchions have to withstand 16 lbs. of force horizontally towards the roof edge at a point 30 above the roof.
14. Anyone outside warning lines needs either:
- a monitor watching OR
- a belt/harness system with tie off to support
15. Guardrail, warning lines, or cover and mark all roof deck openings.
16. All power tools and radios must be plugged into a GFCI.
17. There shall be one First Aid Kit in the truck and on the roof.
18. All emergency numbers are posted in an area where employees have access to them.
19. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) shall be on site.
20. Fire extinguishers shall be on all working surfaces with no more than 100-0 travel distance.
Job Site Safety Checklist
(To be completed by The Safety Director or his representative on a regular basis)
Job Site:_________________ Foreman:_______________Date:_______
1. Ladders and Scaffolding:
a. Both rails are secured. Y N NA
b. The rails are 36 or more over the roof edge. Y N NA
c. The ratio of the base of the ladder to the height of the building is 1:4 Y N NA
d. Ladder access, top and bottom, is clear. Y N NA
e. Ladders do not block doorways or normal pedestrian,or vehicle traffic. Y N NA
f. Materials or supplies are not being carried up or down ladders. Y N NA
g. Ladders have been inspected by the Foreman. Y N NA
h. Scaffolding has been inspected by the Foreman Y N NA
2. Safety Systems:
a. The perimeter system is in place and in service Y N NA
b. Harnesses and lanyards are being used Y N NA
c. A safety monitor is being used Y N NA
d. A catch platform is in place. Y N NA
3. Roof openings are either covered and marked or protected by guardrails. Y N NA
4. Skylights are covered or sectioned off by guardrails. Y N NA
5. Ground fault circuit interrupters are being used. Y N NA
6. Extension cords
a. Ground prongs are intact. Y N NA
b. Insulation is free of splits or gouges. Y N NA
7. Materials and equipment are stored at a distance greater than six feet from the roof edge.
8. A first aid kit is on the job site. Y N NA
9. Drinking water is on the job site Y N NA
10. Hot labels are on kettles Y N NA
11. There are Flammable labels on safety cans. Y N NA
12. No Smoking and/or No open Flame signs are located by the LPG tank storage area. Y N NA
13. Tool box talks are current. Y N NA
14. Copies of MSDS sheets are on site. Y N NA
15. A copy of the employers Hazard Communication Program is on site. Y N NA
16. A barrier tape or warning line is up to protect the public from possible hazards. Y N NA
17. Fire extinguishers – – ABC 10#:
a. One in each kettle area. Y N NA
b. One on the roof within 100 feet of the employees. Y N NA
18. Where materials are being pumped or hoisted, there are four foot wide guardrails on either side of the outlet. Y N NA
19. LPG tanks are ten or more feet from the kettle. Y N NA
20. LPG tanks are secured and stored upright. Y N NA
21. Gasoline tanks are stored ten feet or more from the kettles. Y N NA
22. Gasoline cans are metal safety cans. Y N NA
23. Roof hoist properly balanced. Y N NA
24. Emergency phone numbers established and posted. Y N NA
25. LPG tanks are not stored with flammable materials. Y N NA
26. All employees are using personal protective equipment. e.g.: Work shoes, safety glasses, safety goggles, face shield, hardhat, safety harness, lanyard, rope, gloves. Y N NA
27. All known hazards recognized – (i.e. power lines, slippery conditions, etc.) Y N NA
If not, complete the following: (use the back of this if necessary)
Item(s) Not Being Used
Crane Hand Signals and Training
Employees who will be working with crane must be trained by a competent person in regards to hand signals.
Hand signals to crane operators shall be those prescribed by the applicable ANSI standard for the type of crane. An illustration of the signals shall be present and posted at the job site.
The employer shall designate a competent person who shall inspect all machinery and equipment before that days use.
A pre-lift meeting is to be attended by the crane operator and signal person. This is to ensure that these people know the proper techniques and safety precautions and using same hand signals.
One person shall direct the crane at all times. If any more than one person is directing the crane operator, the operator shall stop.
A copy of this policy should be given to the crane operator.
As a roofing contractor, a major portion of our daily operations includes moving, hoisting, staging, and finally placing of materials and equipment. Below we have listed some of our companys rules regarding material handling.
- Lift objects by bending at the knees, not the waist, to reduce strain on the back.
- Get help when lifting heavy or bulky objects.
- Be sure to have a clear path when moving materials. Check for roof curbs, holes, roof edge, piled materials, or equipment that may be in the way.
- Materials should be stored away from the edge of the roof at least 6. Dont overload the roof deck or drop heavy loads on the deck.
- Be very careful when handling material near the roof edge.
Use extreme caution when handling hot asphalt products. Use protective equipment and clothing when working at the kettle and pipeline equipment.
Kettle Operations & Kettle PPE
Kettles and hot asphalt are probably the two most important tools that a roofer has when applying built-up roofs. Used correctly they will assist us in providing a good product for our customers. Used incorrectly, they could be killers. Below we have listed some rules to abide by when using kettles and asphalt.
- Never leave a kettle unattended.
- Wear protective clothing; (gloves, full face shield; and a long sleeve shirt).
- Before firing a kettle, check hoses, gauges, fuel tanks, burners, and other equipment for defects. Make sure the lid fits tightly.
- Have a fully charged fire extinguisher handy.
- Know how to put out a kettle fire.
- Follow instructions for firing your burner. Dont ignite the burner near fuel or flammable material.
- Be sure tubes are covered with bitumen before igniting burners.
- Crack open the fill lid to relieve pressure when heating a cold tanker.
- Have a safe place to put a burner when you remove it from the kettle.
- Remember, the flame is hard to see on a bright day.
- Avoid splashing when loading or drawing off hot stuff.
- Turn off the burners and engine before refueling. Let burners cool.
- Secure the burners, lid, draw-off cock, and fuel at night.
- In residential areas, the draw-off cock and lid should be closed and locked.
- Disconnect the kettle from the vehicle before firing.
When a kettle fire occurs:
Stay calm, close the lid, turn off the Fuel Supply at the tank, and CALL FOR HELP!
- The best way to put out a kettle fire is to close the lid. Splash water at the edge of kettle lid (about a cup at a time) until the fire is out. Just a small amount of water in the kettle will create steam and smother the fire. A small amount of water will normally put out the fire on top of the kettle.
- Do not use large amounts of water on kettle fires – this causes splattering of asphalt.
- You should check daily that the kettle lid fits tightly. Even with a tight lid, some kettle fires are stubborn.
- Often the outside of the kettle will catch fire if it has become heavily coated with bitumen.
- If fire spreads from the top of the kettle, a fire extinguisher should be used.
- A fire extinguisher should always be nearby the kettle. A Dry Chemical Extinguisher Rated at Least 20 BC.
Ladders are used everyday by roofers. Yet very few people inspect ladders daily for defects. Ladders have to be used properly at all times!! List below are some examples to ladder safety.
- All employees are obligated to check that ladders are free from defects, broken or missing rungs, split rails, safety feet.
- Straight ladders must be tied-off, held, nailed down, blocked or secured to building.
- Safety feet must be flat and on a stable surface.
- Ladder side rails must extend 3 above landing but not more than 4./li>
- Place the base of straight ladders out away from the wall or edge of the upper level about one foot for every four feet of vertical height. (4 to 1 ratio)
- The area around the top and bottom must be kept clear.
- Do not place ladders in front of doorways, passageways of normal egress or exits.
- If a ladder is defective, do not use it, not even this once. Tag it out and send it back to the shop for repair or replacement.
- Stepladders cannot be used as a straight ladder.
Company vehicles are expensive. Without them we cannot work. Please treat the companys vehicles as if they were your own. Below are a few rules to abide by when in company owned vehicles.
- Keep vehicles neat and clean.
- All vehicle operators must have a valid drivers license, and must be approved by Company to drive.
- Mandatory use of seat belt.
- No loose material in cab (loose tools or garbage can interfere with pedal controls).
- Vehicle must be registered and inspected.
- No broken mirrors or windshields.
- Make sure all lights and signals are in working condition.
- Any loose debris MUST BE TARPED ON ALL PICKUPS AND RACK TRUCKS.
- Must have a first aid kit in each vehicle.
- Must have a packet of MSDS sheets in each vehicle.
- No horseplay.
- If any vehicle maintenance is needed inform safety director, CEO, or the responsible for vehicle maintenance.
- No drugs or alcohol allowed in vehicle at anytime.
- If drugs or alcohol are found in vehicle, employee will be terminated.
- Manifest of hazardous materials.
- Abide by all DMV laws and CDL laws.
Health Program or the accompHealth
Compressed Gas Cylinders & Propane Tanks
Cylinders and tanks are to be treated with the utmost care. An exploding cylinder or tank could not only kill you, but could cause a major catastrophe.
Here are some rules to live by.
- Keep away from open flames. (i.e. smoking)
- All gas cylinders shall have their contents clearly marked on the outside of each cylinder.
- Cylinders must be placed and secured in an upright position including storage and transfer.
- Cylinder valves must be protected with caps or guards when not in use, or storage and transportation.
- All leaking or defective cylinders must be removed from service promptly, tagged as inoperable and placed in an open space away from the work area.
- All operators are required to inspect equipment prior to utilization. Oxygen and gas cylinders placed in storage are to be kept 20 apart or have the fire barrier (1/4 sheet metal extending at least 5) between them barring a fire rating of one half an hour.
- Full and empty cylinders are to be stored separately and protected from excess heat, snow, ice, physical damage, flames or sparks.
- Propane tanks should be stored in much the same manner as compressed gas cylinders.
- Propane tanks should be stored a minimum distance of 20 from the kettle. Propane tank being used has to be a minimum distance of 6 from kettle.
Always have a fire extinguisher nearby.
Listed below is our companys policy on confined space. Whenever you come into contact with a confined space you should contact the BSR safety director.
Definition Of Confined Space: A confined space is a space that has the following characteristics:
1. Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work.
2. Has a limited or restricted means of entry and or exit
3. Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.
4. Other examples: Waterproofing, small area of roof that has limited access such as alleyway – chemical or asphalt fumes could be hazardous.
- Septic Tanks
- Tank Cars
- Storage Bins
- Pump Stations
Two Classifications of Confined Space:
Permit Required Confined Space
Non Permit Required Confined Space
Permit Required Confined Space
For an area to be considered a Permit Required Confined Space it must have one of the following conditions.
1. Hazardous Atmosphere.
2. Liquid or solid material that can engulf an entrant.
3. A configuration that can trap and or suffocate an entrant.
4. A mechanical or electrical hazard.
5. Contain any other recognized serious safety and or health hazard.
Non-Permit Required Confined Space
For an area to be considered a Non Permit Required Confined Space it must not fall into any of the above categories. Examples of these are vented vaults, some motor control cabinets, dropped ceilings etc. Although these spaces are considered confined space they have either natural or permanent mechanical ventilation available to prevent the accumulation of a hazardous atmosphere and they do not present engulfment or other serious hazards.
Lockout/tagout will be used to ensure that a machine or equipment is stopped and isolated from all potentially hazardous energy sources and locked out. This will prevent the unexpected energization or start-up of the machine or equipment or release of stored energy that could cause injury. Listed are the steps that should be followed: (i.e. exhaust fans, power lines, sheet metal machine etc.)
- All employees are required to comply with the restrictions and limitations imposed upon them during the use of lockout. The authorized employees are required to perform the lockout in accordance with this procedure. All employees, upon observing a machine or piece of equipment that is locked out to perform servicing or maintenance shall not attempt to start, energize or use that machine or equipment.
A.) Sequence of Lockout – Shop Superintendent:
- Notify all affected employees that servicing or maintenance is required on a machine or equipment and that the machine or equipment must be shut down and locked out to perform the servicing or maintenance.
- The authorized employee will refer to BSR procedure to identify the type and magnitude of the energy that the machine or equipment utilizes, will understand the hazards of the energy, and will know the methods to control the energy.
- If the machine or equipment is operating, shut it down by the normal stopping procedure.
- Deactivate the energy isolating device so that the machine or equipment is isolated from the energy source.
- Lockout the energy isolating device with the lock provided in the electrical lockout kit. In addition, attach a lockout tag must be attached with the employees name, date, time and a description of what might be wrong with the equipment.
- Ensure that the equipment is disconnected from the energy source by first checking that no personnel are exposed. Then verify the isolation of the equipment by operating controls or by testing to make certain the equipment will not operate.
Caution: Return operating controls to neutral or off position after verifying the isolation of the equipment.
B.) Restoring Equipment to Service:
When the servicing or maintenance is completed and the machine or equipment is ready to return to normal operating condition, the following steps will be taken:
- Check the machine or equipment and the immediate area around the machine or equipment to ensure that non-essential items have been removed and that the machine or equipment components are operationally intact.
- Check the work area to ensure that all employees have been safely positioned or removed from the areas.
- Verify that the controls are in neutral.
- Remove the lockout device and tag. Re-energized the machine or equipment.
- Notify affected employees that the servicing or maintenance is completed and the machine or equipment is ready for use.
- All 110-volt electrical power used during company operations, including portable generators, shall have a functioning ground fault circuit interrupter in use.
- Ground fault circuit interrupters shall be checked twice daily with the integral test switch to insure proper functioning.
- Extension cords used during company operations shall be a minimum of 12 gauge and have three operating prongs at the plug outlet.
- All electrical hand tools shall have three operating prongs at the plug outlet unless specifically marked as being double insulated.
- All electrical hand tools and extension cords shall be inspected daily before used to determine that the cords are in good shape and that all three prongs are in place and operating.
- When the source of electrical power is a permanent outlet on the customers systems, the outlet must be checked with a three-wire circuit tester before use. If any open or reversed circuits are detected, this deficiency must be pointed out to the owner. If the deficiency is not corrected and no other outlet is available, a portable electric generator must be used.
- Defective tools, cords and electrical equipment shall be removed from service. They shall be tagged with the nature of defect noted and returned.
- If work is to be performed within ten feet of overhead lines, the lines shall be deenergized and grounded, or other protective measures shall be provided before work is started. If the lines are to be deenergized, arrangements shall be made with the person or organization that operates or controls the electric circuits involved to deenergize and ground them. If protective measures, such as guarding, isolating, or insulating are provided, these precautions shall prevent all personnel from contacting such lines directly with any part of their body or indirectly through conductive materials, tools or equipment.
Powder Actuated Tools
A Powder Actuated Tools is a .25 caliber gun! It can kill just like a gun. It needs to be treated with the same care as a gun. Below we have listed some rules that need to be followed when using a Powder Actuated Gun.
- All employees need to be trained on each manufacturers different type of gun.
- Proper PPE is needed when using these tools:
A.) Face Protection
B.) Ear Protection
Defective Equipment Tag Out (DETO)
At Binghamton Slag Roofing Company we have a defective equipment tag out policy or DETO. It is very important that defective equipment be tagged out so that other employees dont use defective equipment and become injured or killed.
Employees that turn in defective equipment are commended (unless equipment is damaged because of misuse) and will be recognized.
The following is our DETO policy.
- Tag out the equipment with one of our DETO tags.
- Contact your direct supervisor and inform them of the situation.
- Equipment should be removed from site and repaired by a qualified person.
- Remove tag when equipment is repaired.
Return equipment to service.